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Page Title: Close-In Method
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and keep station. These factors not only allow com- manders a wider latitude in choosing a fueling course but  also  facilitate  the  use  of  antiaircraft  batteries  should the need arise. Additionally, the high suspension on the hose affords fair protection for it in rough weather. Ordinarily, in the span-wire method, saddle whips and  the  retrieving  line  are  of  wire;  but  when  the necessary winch drums are not available and winches with  gypsy  heads  are  available,  3  1/2-inch,  double- braided nylon line may be substituted for one or more of the whips. A wire rope retrieving whip is mandatory in  double-probe  rigs. CLOSE-IN METHOD As stated before, the close-in method of fueling is used when the delivering ship is not equipped with the span-wire rig or the receiving ship does not have a pad eye strong enough to hold a span wire. In the close-in rig, the hose is supported by whips leading from the hose saddles to booms, king posts, or other  high  projections  on  the  delivering  ship.  When  the rig  is used to fuel ships larger than destroyers, the outboard bight of hose may also be supported by an outer bight line (fig. 4-28) leading from the outboard saddle to a high point on the receiving ship. The outer bight line is passed to the receiving ship by means of the hoseline  messenger. On the receiving ship, the same preparations are made as for receiving the span-wire rig except that an additional 12- or 14-inch snatch block must be shackled to a high, convenient, and adequately tested point above where the hose will come aboard. Such other blocks as are necessary to fairlead the bight line to a winch must also be rigged. A small pendant should be reeved through this set of blocks to quickly haul the outer bight line through the blocks and to the winch. The outer bight is used to help haul the hose to the receiving ship and, once the hose is secured, is tended in the same manner as are the saddle whips. STREAM METHOD There are several transfer rigs used to replenish provisions and stores. Some are suitable for heavy Figure 4-28.–Close-in rig. 4-33

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