of the ESO necessary for advancement; and identify the
methods of obtaining a change in rate or rating.
The objective of the NEAS is to advance the best
qualified petty officers to operate the Navys ships,
planes, and shore stations. Advancements provide
opportunities for qualified enlisted personnel to
progress to higher levels of responsibility and
authority throughout their Navy careers.
The Advancement Manual, BUPERSINST
1430.16, governs the NEAS. In addition to this basic
reference, a NAVADMIN message is issued before
each advancement cycle. This message announces the
schedule of the examinations and provides other
The ESO should carefully review the
Advancement Manual and NAVADMIN message to
ensure the command follows the proper procedures for
Q1. What is the primary objective of the Navy
Enlisted Advancement System?
DEFINITIONS USED IN THE NAVY
ENLISTED ADVANCEMENT SYSTEM
Definitions basic to an understanding of the Navy
rating structure and the NEAS include such terms as
occupational fields; general, service, and emergency
ratings; petty officers; apprenticeships (designated
strikers); and so forth. These are the basic terms that
are used in the NEAS as defined below.
Broad grouping of similar occupations are used by
manpower, personnel, and training managers to
organize the analysis, management, and
administration of Navy ratings. There are 23 such
groupings. Examples are General Seamanship (BM
and SM); Ordnance Systems (GM, MN, MT, and TM);
and Logistics (DK, MS, SH, and SK).
Ratings are broad enlisted career fields. They
identify occupational specialties that encompass
related aptitudes, training, experience, knowledge, and
skills for the purpose of career development and
advancement. The three types of ratings (general,
service, and emergency) are described below:
General Ratings. General ratings identify
personnel by occupation. They provide the
primary means of identifying billeted
requirements and personnel qualifications.
Boatswains Mate (BM) is an example of a
general rating. Some ratings are combined at
paygrades E-7, E-8, or E-9 to form broader
career fields when the occupational content is
similar. This provides for progressively higher
levels and scopes of authority and responsibility.
An example of this is the combination of the
Construction Electrician (CE) rating and the
Utilitiesman (UT) rating to form the
Utilities/Constructionman (UC) at the Master
Chief Petty Officer (MCPO) level.
Service ratings are
subdivisions of certain general ratings.
service rating may be established at any
paygrade up to E-9.
Gas Turbine Systems
Technician (GS) is an example of a general
rating, which contains two service ratings. Gas
Turbine Systems Technician (Electrical) (GSE)
and Gas Turbine Systems Technician
Emergency Ratings. Emergency ratings are
career fields encompassing skills or
qualifications that do not require identification
by a rating during peacetime, but are required in
Currently, there are no emergency
Rate identifies personnel occupationally by
paygrades E-1 through E-9. Rate reflects levels of
aptitude, training, experience, knowledge, skill, and
responsibility. Enlisted rates are divided into three
groups: General (E-1 through E-3 apprenticeships),
petty officers (E-4 through E-6), and chief petty
officers (E-7 through E-9).
To be qualified for advancement, a member must
meet the following requirements:
Be recommended by the commanding officer.
Have minimum Time-in-Rate (TIR). (See the
Advancement Manual for TIR waivers.)
Be in the proper path of advancement.
Meet special requirements (citizenship, security,
medical, and so forth) for certain ratings.
Successfully complete service school, if