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the gutters, or for any other purpose, take some extra precautions. Most ladders sold for household use are type III light-duty ladders, rated for a maximum load of 200 pounds (user plus materials). If the ladder must carry more weight than that, select a type II medium- duty ladder (up to 225 pounds) or a type I heavy-duty ladder (up to 250 pounds). Most manufacturers label ladders   with   their   duty   rating   or   type   number. Remember,  don’t  overload  your  ladder. Hobby Shop Equipment If you have or use a hobby or craft shop, you should not  allow  bench,  table,  or  work  areas  to  become cluttered. Periodically remove excess trim and scrap to proper  containers  to  prevent  excessive  accumulation. Return  tools  to  their  proper  place  when  you  no  longer need  them.  Clean  machines  and  floor  areas  after  use. You must always wear the correct PPE. Wear snug clothing when operating machinery and equipment. Do not operate equipment while wearing a necktie or scarf or anything that could become entangled in the revolving machinery. Do NOT wear gloves when working with drills, ripsaws, table saws, and so on. Make sure you know the location of the power switch. Remove all jewelry. Use a brush, not your hands, to remove chips or cuttings. Check drill bits to make sure they are straight and sharp. Make sure you tighten all chucks and clamps securely. Stop all equipment when making adjustments. NEVER  reach  around  revolving  equipment.  You  must be  careful  of  kickback  or  violent  throwback  of  the material  you  are  feeding.  Inspect  saw  blades  to  make sure they are in good condition and are free of gum or adhered resins. Check all machine safety guards. They should  be  substantial,  in  place,  and  properly  aligned. Never operate the equipment without the safety guards, spreader,  and  anti-kickback  fingers  in  place  and properly adjusted. Set a saw blade to the proper cutting height. Adjust the fence or gauge, and secure it firmly. When using equipment having blades, shut off the power and let the blade stop rotating before cleaning away debris. Never reach over or under the blade while operating the saw. Hold the stock firmly against the table and  fence,  and  feed  with  even  pressure  within  the capacity of the saw to take the load. Do not stand directly in line with stock you are putting through. Note  any  clicking  sound  of  a  band  saw,  which indicates a cracked blade. Do NOT operate the saw if you hear that sound. Inspect the saw for excessive “burning” and buildup of gum or resins on the blade of wheel surfaces. Use the proper size blade for the work. Do  not  cut  small  radius  work  on  a  wide  band. Conversely, be sure the blade is as wide as the work will permit. Do not stop or slow a saw by braking with a piece of wood. Permit natural rundown of the saw. Inspect the condition of the material. Test for safe depth of cut on a piece  of  soft,  straight  stock  before  proceeding. Electricity Electricity has made life in the home much more comfortable  and  housework  much  easier.  However, electricity  is  not  a  blessing  without  blemishes. Electricity at home can be either a servant or a killer. It all depends on how you handle it. To keep electricity in your home your servant, NOT your killer, obey the safety rules for each part of your home. Install ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs) near bathroom  and  kitchen  sinks  as  well  as  outdoors.  GFCIs are  shock-protection  devices  that  detect  electrical  faults to prevent people from being seriously injured or killed. They  detect  electrical  faults  by  monitoring  circuit leakage to ground. When leakage exceeds 5 milliamps, the GFCI breaks the circuit, thereby preventing an electric shock. You can easily install them in the place of  existing  outlets,  and  they  are  relatively  inexpensive. Electrical appliances or other electrical items do not normally present a shock hazard to you unless they are defective.  How  do  you  reduce  shock  hazard?  You should inspect the item before and after use, follow all safety  standards,  and  use  only  materials  approved  by testing laboratories. Even when an electrical item in your  home  becomes  defective,  you  can  reduce  the chance of its becoming a shock hazard to you. You do that by keeping your body from becoming part of the electrical circuit. A 110-volt house current kills more people annually than any other voltage. It takes less electricity to kill a person than it does to light a 10-watt light  bulb.  If  you  do  not  maintain  the  electrical equipment and systems in your home, they can be a threat to you and your family’s safety. Fires In 1991, 3,500 Americans died and 21,275 were injured in home fires. That’s roughly about 15 people a day.  Most  home  fires  result  from  unattended  cooking, careless  smoking  habits,  overloaded  electrical  circuits, and children playing with matches. You and your family should know in advance what to do in case of fire. Obviously,   you   should   do   everything   possible   to 11-13

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