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Page Title: Occupational Health Standards
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Safety and Health Training Records The OSH office is responsible for maintaining OSH training records. These records must be maintained for 5 years. As required by the Federal  Personnel  Manual, civilian  employee  training  must  be  documented  in personnel   records.   Military   personnel   training   is documented in the General Military Training Record. OSH offices also maintain copies of lesson plans used for local training classes. OSH training records are reviewed  during  inspections. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH STANDARDS The primary objective of the NAVOSH Program is to provide a safe and healthy work environment. Shore activity occupational safety standards are derived from OSHA regulations such as 29 CFR 1910  —General Industry  Standards.  Occupational  health  standards  are also  derived  from  these  regulations. Most  safety  deficiencies  are  recognized  during workplace evaluations and inspections. Deficiencies such as a broken guard on a grinder or paints stored near a  heat  source  are  obvious  hazards.  Occupational exposures to gases, dusts, radiation, and vapors are less obvious.  Identifying  and  monitoring  these  health hazards  require  a  more  elaborate  program.  Most hospitals  and  clinics  have  occupational  health  programs to support the activity OSH office in recognizing and controlling  these  hazards. Occupational health programs are divided into the following  two  major  specialties: Industrial hygiene—Involves surveillance of the workplace and evaluation of identified health hazards Occupational medicine—Focuses on job qualification  examinations  and  the  medical surveillance of employees potentially exposed to workplace   hazards Together, these specialties try to identify, treat, and prevent  acute  and  chronic  occupational  illnesses. Industrial Hygiene Survey OPNAVINST  5100.23C  and  DODINST  6055.5, Industrial  Hygiene  and  Occupational  Health,  require the thorough evaluation of each Navy workplace to accurately identify and quantify all potential health hazards. An initial, or base-line, industrial hygiene survey  is  required  for  this  evaluation.  However, potential hazards that need to be monitored must be identified  before  the  industrial  hygiene  survey  can begin. The   base-line   survey   is   followed   by   periodic surveys at intervals dependent upon the presence and degree  of  hazards  found.  Periodic  surveys  must  be conducted  at  least  annually  when  hazards  are  found. Surveys may be scheduled at longer intervals if no hazards are present. Changes in the workplace require a new base-line industrial   hygiene   survey,   either   for   the   entire workplace or just for those hazards specifically altered by  the  change.  Limited  or  special-purpose  evaluations can also be conducted when problems arise or when new information  is  available  about  the  hazards  of  an operation. The first step in the industrial hygiene survey is a workplace  assessment  (walk-through  survey).  The responsible industrial hygienist or a qualified technician conducts  this  walk-through  survey  to  obtain  the following  information: A description of each work site A description of operations and work practices A list of hazardous materials or biological agents used and their rate of use A list of physical hazards and their sources A description of existing controls (ventilation, personal  protective  devices,  etc.)  with  an evaluation  of  their  use  and  effectiveness Following the walk-through survey, the industrial hygienist  prepares  a  written  assessment  of  each workplace. Workplace  Monitoring  Plan Next,  a  workplace  monitoring  plan  is  developed  for areas in which an employee might be exposed to toxic chemicals  oe  harmful  physical  agents.  The  industrial hygienist, assisted by the OSH office, develops this plan based on a sampling strategy designed to obtain samples representative  of  actual  exposures.  NAVOSH  standards or  the  professional  judgment  of  the  industrial  hygienist determines the sampling parameters needed to quantify employee  exposures. In quantifying an exposure, the industrial hygienist determines the measured exposure level as compared to safe levels. That allows the hygienist to assess the 6-6

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